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LPL 775: Statistics and Research: Citations

This guide will assist students in LPL 775 with their research needs.

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APA Style Citations (7th Edition)

Notable Changes in 7th Ed. APA

In-Text Citations

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Citation Assistance

*Make sure your citations are correct! Many databases and services like MyBib capitalize words that should not be capitalized.

Create citations here.

You can find everything you need to know about APA Style citations here.

If you need additional assistance, email me.

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In-Text Citation

  • Always capitalize proper nouns, including author names and initials: D. Jones.
  • If you refer to the title of a source within your paper, capitalize all words that are four letters long or greater within the title of a source: Permanence and Change. Exceptions apply to short words that are verbs, nouns, pronouns, adjectives, and adverbs: Writing New MediaThere Is Nothing Left to Lose.
  • When capitalizing titles, capitalize both words in a hyphenated compound word: Natural-Born Cyborgs.
  • Capitalize the first word after a dash or colon: "Defining Film Rhetoric: The Case of Hitchcock's Vertigo."
  • If the title of the work is italicized in your reference list, italicize it and use title case capitalization in the text: The Closing of the American MindThe Wizard of OzFriends.
  • If the title of the work is not italicized in your reference list, use double quotation marks and title case capitalization (even though the reference list uses sentence case): "Multimedia Narration: Constructing Possible Worlds;" "The One Where Chandler Can't Cry."

Legal Citations

For information on legal citations (how to cite court cases, etc.), please click here.

References Exercise

What is wrong with the reference below? (Hint: There are two mistakes.)

Hall Mark, D. L. (2013). Academic Achievement Gap or Gap of Opportunities? Urban Education48(2), 335–343. https://doi.org/10.1177/0042085913476936

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