A month to celebrate Hispanic Americans, their culture, and their contributions to the United States.
Hispanic Heritage Month begins on September 15, the anniversary of independence for five Latin American countries—Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua. In addition, Mexico declared its independence on September 16, and Chile on September 18. Columbus Day / Dia de la Raza falls within this month on October 12.
This recognition started as Hispanic Heritage Week by President Lyndon B. Johnson, but it was expanded to a month by President Ronald Reagan in 1988.
The term Hispanic or Latino, as defined by the U.S. Census Bureau, refers to Puerto Rican, South or Central American, or other Spanish culture or origin regardless of race.
On the 2010 Census form, people of Spanish/Hispanic/Latino origin could identify themselves as Mexican, Mexican American, Chicano, Puerto Rican, Cuban, or "another Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin." According to the 2010 Census, 50.5 million people or 16% of the population are of Hispanic or Latino origin. This represents a significant increase from the 2000 Census, which registered the Hispanic population at 35.3 million or 13% of the total U.S. population.
Some sites for further information about the Hispanic community:
Notable Hispanic Americans - Profiles of famous Hispanic Americans.
FactMonster - Fun facts, Hispanic firsts, statistics, biographies.
Hispanic Heritage Month - Overview with collection of useful links.
Library of Congress - Overview, exhibits, collections, images, and audio/video.
Black and Latino - Original video (September 2013, September 2014) was Stories from celebrities who are both heritages about their experiences with perceptions by others and how they perceive themselves. This video became private in 2015. New video is a mini-documentary about AfroLatinidad in the U.S.