How to Cite a Musical Score or Libretto (MLA)
Composer Last, First name M. Title As It Appears On the Title Page*. Date of Composition.** Place of Publication: Publisher, Date Published. Medium of Publication.***
* Abbreviate no. and op. in title.
** If year in unknown, use N.d.
*** If part of a series, include series information after publication medium.
Schwartz, Stephen. Defying Gravity. 2000. Milwaukee: Hal Leonard, 2003. Print.
Same as score, but librettist is listed before the title, and the composer after.
Oakes, Meredith. The Tempest: An Opera in Three Acts. Composed by Thomas Adès. London: Faber Music, 2004. Print.
1. How do you cite a music score out of an anthology?
(Hint: The date after the title is the date the composition was written.)
Lully, Jean-Baptiste. "Armide, Tragedie en 5 Actes et un Prologue." 1686. Norton Anthology of Western Music.
Ed. Claude V. Palisca. Vol. 1. New York: Norton, 1988. 385-394. Print.
2. How do you cite program notes?
(Hint: if there is no "title" of the program notes, skip it and go directly to "Program notes.")
Pedersen, Keith. "Handel's Messiah." Program notes. The Messiah. Brown Chapel, Point Loma
Nazarene University., San Diego. 4 Dec. 2011. Print.
3. How do you cite an article found in full-text in a database such as International Index to Music Periodicals (IIMP)?
(Hint: If there is no issue number, just leave that out and only show the volume number.)
Wollston, Silas. "New Light on Purcell's Early Overtures." Early Music 37.4 (Nov.2009):
647-55. International Index to Music Periodicals. Web. 23 Jan. 2012.
Credits: Paul Robeson Library, Rutgers University.